The latest Eurostat data show that Romania no longer occupies the first position in the European Union at infant mortality rate, being dethroned by Bulgaria.
On the other hand, our country has more than a quarter of mothers under 18 years of age (30%) in the entire European Union and 45% of mothers under 15 years of age.
Bulgaria had, in 2021, an infant mortality rate of 5.6 per thousand live births, followed by Romania with a rate of 5.2 per thousand, and Slovakia, where the infant mortality rate was 4.9 per thousand children born alive.
Poland and Malta have a rate of 3.9 per thousand live births, while in Croatia, this indicator reaches 3.8 per thousand.
France ranks sixth (3.7 per thousand), followed by Greece (3.5 per thousand), Hungary and the Netherlands (3.3 per thousand live births), and Ireland (3.2).
Lithuania, Luxembourg, and Denmark occupy the tenth position, with an infant mortality rate of 3.1 per thousand live births. The lowest infant mortality rate is recorded in Sweden, Finland, and Slovenia – 1.8 per thousand live births.