Population of Romania sits at 19,053,815 people, of which 9,808.3 thousand (51.5%) female and 9,941.2 thousand (52.2%) living in urban settlements, according to the first data of 2021 Population and Housing Census.
The demographic aging process deepened, compared to 10 years ago (2011 census), noting the increase in the share of the elderly population (65 years and over). Although the number of young people (under 15) decreased by 115.7 thousand people, their share in the total population rose slightly to 16.1%.
Meanwhile, the share of the population aged 65 and over in the total population registered an increase of almost half a million people.
Out of 42 counties (including Bucharest), 39 saw a decrease in the number of inhabitants. The exceptions are Ilfov county which gained 153.9 thousand people, Bistrita-Nasaud and Suceava.
The biggest population decrease was recorded by Caras-Severin (-16.6%, respectively with 49.0 thousand people less) and Teleorman counties (-14.9%, respectively with 56.6 thousand people less).
Information on ethnicity was available for 16,568.9 thousand people, of which 14,801.4 thousand people (89.3%) declared themselves Romanian.
The ethnic Hungarian population registered at the census was 1,002.2 thousand people (6.0%) and the number of those who declared themselves Roma was 569.5 thousand people (3.4%).
Ukrainians (45.8 thousand people), Germans (22.9 thousand people) and Turks (20.9 thousand people) complete Romania’s ethnicity ”mosaic”. Other ethnic groups comprise under 20 thousand people.
Confessional structure was declared by 16,397.3 thousand people from the total resident population and shows that 85.3% of the people who declared their religion are Orthodox. 4.5% declared themselves Roman Catholic and 3% Reformed.